Numerous application preceded the web to connect people across various international networks:
- ARPANet mail dates from the 1970's; Clarkson had it by the mid-1980's.
- Usenet connected people 12 years earlier than the web, in 1979
- BitNET RELAY sprang to life 7 years earlier, in 1985.
- IRC rolled out three years earlier, 1988
For that matter, kew.com was registered before the web existed.
And there's the small matter of an email I received before I even set up kew.com:
|Header lines of the first email I ever received from +Katherine Derbyshire,|
(in response to a mundane Usenet post I had made).
Who needs the web?